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Posted by: | Posted on: February 19, 2018

In-house training

In-house training

In-house training/education to change organisational culture.

Trainer cartoon

Addressing the four most essential interrelated development areas for any organisation in the business or public world.

 On site education and implementation in any town in South Africa

Organisation culture:
Organisation culture has nothing to do with race, sex, language or cultural background of employees. It has much to do with the type of team leadership that is consciously being encouraged in strategic planning, company policies and the type of employees being appointed in positions of authority. In other words it has all to do with human relations and whether people are treated primarily with laissez-faire leadership, transactional leadership or transformational leadership and its consequences on the attitudes, feelings and behaviour of subordinates. For instance, subordinates can be forced into robotic behaviour, with transactional leadership and its accompanying destructive motivational factors, leading to low loyalty; or inspired to use own initiative and innovativeness, with transformational leadership and its accompanying constructive motivational factors, leading to high loyalty, which in turn may impact negatively or positively on organisation improvement.

The other important influence on organisation culture is how employees perceive the fairness of performance appraisals and its consequences on their future development opportunities and career progress.

The purpose with our courses is to increase the return on investment (ROI) or profit on total cost outlay per employee for organisations. We facilitate educational courses for corporate employees in the following three development areas:

1. Team Leadership:
Contents: Leadership self-test, leadership traits to strive for, the ten most common people management mistakes to avoid, strategic planning for direction in a global competitive environment, situational leadership styles, team leadership, delegation, hierarchical differentiation of management functions, leadership ethics and moral values, conflict handling, change management, destructive versus constructive motivation, the consultative management style, the eleven leadership principles to uphold, dynamic leadership, other problem-solving techniques like the GROW model, the Ishikawa diagram, project planning and control, possibility thinking, creative thinking and value management.
Duration: 5 full days. Training session structure options:
1. 5 days, spread over 5 weeks;
2. 5 days, with a session every second day;
3. 6 half days, daily, with homework after hours or
4. 5 consecutive full days.
Cost: R6 000.00 per participant.

2. Performance management the right way:
Contents: 1. Conversion of strategic departmental objectives into a mission statement per job for which continuous key objectives in terms of purpose, customers, product and scope can then be developed, together with key standards against which actual results can be measured. 2. Renewal of job descriptions for which continuous critical objectives and accompanying critical standards are developed. 3. Defining specific job assignments and projects with accompanying specific time limited objectives in terms of time limited action plans and specific standards. 4. Development of a job performance matrix (Balanced Score Card) where actual results are measured against key, critical and specific standards. 4. The performance planning and review cycle, with the science of conducting effective meetings. 5. The principles of short interval control where each lower tier controls more frequently than the higher one. 6. Performance appraisals and identification of individual development areas. 7. Identification of risk management shortcomings to be added into the system.
Duration: 7 full days. Training session structure options:
1. 7 days, spread over 7 weeks;
2. 7 days, with a session every second day;
3. 8 half days, daily, with homework after hours or
4. 7 consecutive full days.
Cost: R8 000.00 per participant. See the organisation benefits on this page.
For further reading on performance improvement open or save this PDF file.

3. Recruitment and interviewing skills for line managers:

Module one: Introduction to recruitment, what is recruitment?, challenges and trends, sourcing candidates, requirements, case study, self-test questions; Module two: The selection process, job analysis and descriptions, the approach, the recruitment interview, testing, case study, self-test questions; Module three: Goal setting, using the GROW model, identifying goal areas, setting smart goals, using a productivity journal, case study, self-test questions; Module four: The interview, phone interviews, traditional interviews, situational interviews, stress interviews, case study, self-test questions; Module five: Types of interview questions, direct questions, indirect questions, situational questions, behavioural descriptive questions, stress level testing, competency questions, case study, self-test questions; Module six: Avoiding bias in your selection, expectancy effect, primacy effect, obtaining bias information, stereotyping, case study, self-test questions; Module seven: The background check, preparation, data collection, illegal questions, being thorough without being pushy, case study, self-test questions; Module eight: Making your offer, outlining the offer, negotiation techniques, dealing with difficult issues, sealing the deal, case study, self-test questions; Module nine:Orientation and retention, getting off on the right track, your orientation program, the checklist, following up, case study, self-test questions; Module ten: Measuring the results, cost breakdown, employee quality, recruiter effectiveness, fine tuning, case study, self-test questions; Module eleven: Wrapping up, words from the wise, lessons learned, completion of action plans and evaluations.
Duration: 5 full days. Training session structure options:
1. 5 days, spread over 5 weeks;
2. 5 days, with a session every second day;
3. 6 half days, daily, with homework after hours or
4. 5 consecutive full days.
Cost: R6 000.00 per participant.

Professional evaluation of a candidate requires the following types of probing job related questions:
1. Situational interviewing questions.
2. Behavioural interviewing questions.
3. Stress interviewing questions.
4. Competency interviewing questions, focussing on specific required knowledge for tasks to be performed by the job position (testing actual knowledge against job required knowledge and weigh up the potential probability that a candidate will be able to close any required knowledge gaps in a short time period).

If one wants to appoint the best, one must attract the best and be able to choose the best of the best, by applying the best available techniques. Are all the first line supervisors and managers proficient in interviewing techniques?

First line supervisors and managers on all levels normally have the final decision on appointment of subordinates, with or without the input of other committee members. In most cases they perform these duties according to own interpretations, without proper knowledge and insight in best practices for taking in new employees. In other words they may not be equipped to perform these duties to the best interest of the employer.

4. Strategic planning:

We facilitate strategic planning sessions for organisation top leaders or coach them and their subordinates how to do it, when requested

See what other authoritative experts are saying at these pages:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2011/07/23/how-do-you-change-an-organizational-culture/
http://humanresources.about.com/od/organizationalculture/a/culture_change.htm
http://www.eremedia.com/tlnt/the-9-clear-steps-to-organizational-culture-change/
http://michaelhyatt.com/changing-organizational-culture.html

The minimum quantity of enrollments required per training subject is 25. Participants also get complimentary free access to the paid membership vault. The venue can also be changed to accommodate bigger groups.

Synopsis: Effective leadership cannot be achieved without strategic planning. One of the main purposes with effective leadership is to give direction for an organisation and one of the best tools to arrive at direction is strategic planning with the SWOT analysis. An effective performance management system cannot be achieved without strategic objectives. Higher human talent productivity cannot be achieved without an effective performance management system. Higher employee motivation cannot be achieved without effective team leadership.
Attracting the required human capital talent cannot be achieved without an effective recruitment system. An effective recruitment system must be adapted to cater for the strategically required organisation culture and team leadership.

We can facilitate soft skills courses on any required subject.

We can also conduct training courses to improve skills in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Presentations, Microsoft Publications and Microsoft Access.

The benefits of in-house courses (on site on the premises of the organisation) versus out of town seminars are as follows:
– no travelling fees;
– no accommodation fees;
– no fees for meals;
– no unnecessary absenteeism; and
– practical implementation can start immediately after each intermittent class session.

Corporate Education: Corporate Education refers to a system of professional development activities provided to educate employees. It may consist of formal university or college training or informal training provided by non-collegiate institutions. The simplest form of corporate education may be training programs designed “in-house” for an organization that may wish to train their employees on specific aspects of their job processes or responsibilities. More formal relationships may further exist where corporate training is provided to employees through contracts or relationships with educational institutions who may award credit, either at the institution or through a system of CEU (Continuing Education Units).

Many institutions or trainers offering corporate education will provide certificates or diplomas verifying the attendance of the employee. Some employers use corporate and continuing education as part of a holistic human resources effort to determine the performance of the employee and as part of their review systems.

Increasingly organisations appear to be using corporate education and training as an incentive to retain managers and key employees within their organisation. This win-win arrangement creates better educated managers for the organisation and provides the employees with a more marketable portfolio of skills and, in many cases, recognised qualifications.

The difference between Corporate Education and Corporate Training: Most organisations tend to think of corporate education as corporate training. Corporate training programs are often competency based and related to the essential training employees need to operate certain equipment or perform certain tasks in a competent, safe and effective manner. The outcome of a corporate training program is a participant who is either able to operate a piece of equipment or perform a specific task in an effective manner according to pre-determined training criteria.

The primary role of corporate training is to ensure an employee has the knowledge and skills to undertake a specific operation to enable an organisation to continue to operate. Fundamentally, corporate training is centred on knowledge transfer, with an instructor teaching or demonstrating a particular function and the student learning and demonstrating they can apply what they have learnt to a particular operation.

Corporate education, however, adds another dimension and depth to training by involving learners as participants in generating new knowledge that assists an organisation to develop and evolve, rather than maintain the status quo. Corporate education focuses on developing the capability of an organisation to be able to do things and, in particular, the right things in order to be a sustainable and successful organisation.

Corporate education involves a facilitator, rather than an instructor or trainer, to engage participants and encourage them to think about the what, how and why of what they are doing and to challenge their current paradigms. Corporate education is centred on introducing learning techniques to stimulate employees to think about what their organisation does, where it is heading, potential new opportunities for the organisation and new and better ways of doing things. While the role of corporate training is to develop the operational competency of individuals, the purpose of corporate education is to promote the development of capability of both an individual and their organisation.[1]

Increasingly organisations appear to be using corporate education as an incentive to retain managers and key employees within their organisation. This win-win arrangement creates better educated managers and employees for the organisation and gives individual employees a more marketable portfolio of skills and, in many cases, recognised qualifications.[2]

References:
[1] Ryan, L: “Corporate Education: A Practical Guide to Effective Corporate Learning”, p2-3. Griffin Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-646-52812-0.
[2] Prince, C: “Strategic Change: the role of in-company management education”. Strategic Change: 9, 167-175. John Wiley & Sons. 2000

Article Sources and Contributors: Corporate Education Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=545573776, Contributors: Akerans, Autodafey, JaGa, Jean.julius, Learnace, Malcolma, Mdayton7
License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

We offer facilitation of live training workshops and rescue and turnaround services to medium and big businesses.

Also read this post on organisation transformation.

The necessity of a formal performance management system can become less important, when the majority of the workforce of an organisation becomes mature enough to replace the formal system with a personal self-driven informal monitoring system. In other words, it can be abandoned, when individuals have received ample internal training to apply all the elements of a performance management system automatically themselves on an individual basis, without being officially forced to do so. However, how many can lay claim to this type of knowledge and maturity?

The following e-book training manual titled “Interviewer skills” is also included in the package for persons who buy membership:

Interviewer skills training manual

Unheard of bonus: All employee attendees of any of our in-house training courses also get free entry into our membership library, which cloud hosts the most comprehensive and diverse educational topics to enrich and satisfy all inquisitive minds and at the same time uplift the knowledge base of the employee corps! In other words, free access to all our other training material and educational e-books, for no extra costs! It can keep them growing and developing for years into the future!

 

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Posted by: | Posted on: December 16, 2017

Organic farming for a greener environment

Organic farming header

Organic farming for a greener environment

The meaning of organic farming:

Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Organic farming continues to be developed by various organic agriculture organizations today.

It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged. In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.

For instance, naturally occurring pesticides such as pyrethrin and rotenone are permitted, while synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are generally prohibited. Synthetic substances that are allowed include, for example, copper sulfate, elemental sulfur and Ivermectin. Genetically modified organisms, nanomaterials, human sewage sludge, plant growth regulators, hormones, and antibiotic use in livestock husbandry are prohibited.

Reasons for advocation of organic farming include real or perceived advantages in sustainability, openness, self-sufficiency, autonomy/independence, health, food security, and food safety, although the match between perception and reality is continually challenged.

Organic agricultural methods are internationally regulated and legally enforced by many nations, based in large part on the standards set by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), an international umbrella organization for organic farming organizations established in 1972.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_farming

Other source: http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/09-077.htm

The rationale behind organic farming:

By farming organically, the dependence on chemicals is removed.  By eliminating chemicals used in regular farming, the vegetables and other products will be healthier because they will get the nutrients by natural means.  Unlike traditional farming; organic farming will help to prevent potentially harmful toxins from entering human bodies.  Lastly, it is much more environmentally friendly.

The biggest problems, with using modern farming products, are the man-made chemicals.  The modern farming products such as fertilizers, pesticides, etc. contaminate the health of humans and the health of the environment.  The reason behind this is because the chemicals do not just stay on the soil.  These chemicals seep into the ground and poison water supplies, gardens, your home, and as mentioned, your health.  The use of modern farming products containing man-made chemicals are responsible for the reduction of the Earth’s ozone layer; and they also have been linked to serious health problems, including cancer, in humans.

When one decide to farm/garden organically, one can eliminate the concern for destroying the environment, but more importantly, one can eliminate the concern for own health, family members health and general population health and well-being.  When one use modern farming products; the toxic chemicals are transferred to ones’ body and clothing. Obviously, these toxic chemicals could then be transferred to your children or significant number of other people.  Not to mention, if you plant vegetables non-organically, toxic chemicals will be absorbed by your vegetables; and in turn, will be ingested by you and your family.  In fact, one common ailment which affects avid gardeners is dermatitis.  By farming organically, you can eliminate getting dermatitis of the hands.

By deciding to garden organically, you’ll help prevent the poisoning of groundwater and prevent adding further toxins to the soil.  When man-made chemicals are used for farming, it poisons other plants.  Because these man-made chemicals poison the water and other plants, it can be dangerous, or even deadly, to little creatures that rely on the water to drink or plants to eat. Lastly, the chemicals used will evaporate into the atmosphere and return in the form of contaminated rain and/or snow.

The definition of organic farming:

Organic agriculture can be defined as:

“An integrated farming system that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity whilst, with rare exceptions, prohibiting synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, and growth hormones.”

Since 1990 the market for organic food and other products has grown rapidly, reaching $63 billion worldwide in 2012. This demand has driven a similar increase in organically managed farmland that grew from 2001 to 2011 at a compounding rate of 8.9% per annum.

As of 2011, approximately 37,000,000 hectares (91,000,000 acres) worldwide were farmed organically, representing approximately 0.9 percent of total world farmland.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_farming

The most simple expression of organic farming is: “No chemical pesticides plus No chemical fertilizers plus Certification equal soil improvement, product improvement, better soil water retention and higher prices”.

Organic Agriculture is a sustainable agricultural production system that builds on ecological processes without using synthetic chemical inputs, in order to obtain food (or other products) meeting certain quality specifications

In 1972 the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) was created as a forum for different actors engaged in organic farming.

The IFOAM Definition of Organic Agriculture:

“Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.”

Principles of Organic Agriculture

1. Principle of health: Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible.
2. Principle of ecology: Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.
3. Principle of fairness: Organic Agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to common environment and life opportunities.
4. Principle of care: Organic Agriculture should be managed in precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.

The private sector’s guideline is the International Basic Standards for Organic Production and Processing, created by IFOAM. The IFOAM Basic Standards define how organic products are grown, produced, processed and handled. They reflect the current state of organic production and processing methods and include a list of substances permitted in the production. IFOAM Basic Standards – together with the IFOAM Accreditation Criteria – constitute the IFOAM Norms, which provide a framework for certification bodies and standard-setting organizations world-wide to develop their own certification standards.

• IFOAM Guarantee system: https://www.ifoam.bio/

Other sources:

https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-organic-farming-definition-methods.html

http://www.fao.org/organicag/oa-faq/oa-faq1/en/

https://www.thebalance.com/the-definition-of-organic-farming-2538081

The environmental benefits of organic farming:

1. Organic farming discourages environmental exposure to pesticides and chemicals
2. Organic farming builds healthy soil
3. Organic farming helps combat erosion
4. Organic farming fights the effects of global warming
5. Organic farming supports water conservation and water health
6. Organic farming discourages algae blooms
7. Organic farming supports animal health and welfare
8. Organic farming encourages biodiversity

Source: https://www.thebalance.com/environmental-benefits-of-organic-farming-2538317

Advantages of organic farming:

Some of the advantages of organic agriculture:

  • contributes to mitigate climate change
  • builds resilient farming systems
  • reduces poverty
  • improves food security
  • aligns economic development with sustainability
  • meets health considerations
  • decreases pollution

Other source: https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-organic-farming

See this video on organic farming:

Organic fertilizer:

Organic fertilizer must be free of chemical pesticides and other harmful chemicals.

Organic fertilizers are used to improve soil quality and tilth, and to provide nutrients for plant growth. They provide nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as other elements essential for plant development and overall good health.

Nitrogen (N) promotes growth in plant leaves and stems. Phosphorus (P) is vital for seed germination, strong root systems, disease resistance, flower formation and fruit formation. Potassium (K) helps plants form sugars, starches, carbohydrates and proteins. It also helps fortify plants’ immune systems, strengthen stems, protect against the cold, preserve water and encourages fruit ripening.

Top organic fertilizer sources of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium:

Nitrogen (N): bat guano, blood/blood meal, crab waste, feather meal, fish meal (dry), hair, hoof/horn meal, shrimp waste, manure and compost.

Phosphorus (P): bat guano, bone meal, crab waste, cucumber skins (burned), hair, mushroom compost, phosphate, shrimp waste, manure and compost.

Potassium (K): crab waste, cucumber skins (burned), granite (dust), greensand, kaolinite (clay), kelp, sulfate of potash magnesia, wood ashes, manure and compost.

Compost:

Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil amendment. Compost is a key ingredient in organic farming.

At the simplest level, the process of composting requires making a heap of wet organic matter known as green waste (leaves, food waste) and waiting for the materials to break down into humus after a period of weeks or months. Modern, methodical composting is a multi-step, closely monitored process with measured inputs of water, air, carbon and nitrogen-rich materials.

The decomposition process is aided by shredding the plant matter, adding water and ensuring proper aeration by regularly turning the mixture. Worms and fungi further break up the material. Bacteria requiring oxygen to function (aerobic bacteria) and fungi, manage the chemical process by converting the inputs into heat, carbon dioxide and ammonium. The ammonium (NH+4) is the form of nitrogen used by plants. When available ammonium is not used by plants, it is further converted by bacteria into nitrates (NO−3) through the process of nitrification.

Compost is rich in nutrients. It is used in gardens, landscaping, horticulture and agriculture. The compost itself is beneficial for the land in many ways, including as a soil conditioner, a fertilizer, addition of vital humus or humic acids and as a natural pesticide for soil. In ecosystems, compost is useful for erosion control, land and stream reclamation, wetland construction and as landfill cover (see compost uses). Organic ingredients intended for composting can alternatively be used to generate biogas through anaerobic digestion.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compost

A more complete list of organic composting material:

The carbon to nitrogen ratio is listed with each material type. The higher the carbon content, the longer for the fermenting process to complete.

Fresh chicken manure (laying) 6:1, Tomato processing waste 11:1, Vegetable waste 12:1, Alfalfa hay 13:1, Fresh chicken manure (broiler) 14:1, Sheep manure 16:1, Fresh turkey manure 16:1, Grass clippings 17:1, Seaweed 19:1, Fresh cattle manure 19:1, Rotted manure 20:1, Apple pomace 21:1, Fresh horse manure 22:1, Grape pomace 28:1, Legume shells 30:1, Cereal hay 32:1, Dry leaves 40–80:1, Corn stalks 50:1, Oat straw 74:1, Grain chaff and hulls (e.g., rice hulls) 80–120:1, Straw 80:1, Timothy hay 80:1, Paper 170:1, Newsprint, cardboard 400:1, Sawdust 400:1, Wood chips, shavings 500+:1.

The addition of micro-organism activators into the compost mixture of soil and compost material, is recommended to speed up the fermenting process and improve sustainable soil health.

See this video on how to make organic compost at home:

The role of earthworms in organic compost:

Earthworms can play a significant role in enhancing soil fertility and plant productivity in a number of direct and indirect ways.

Earthworms can convert compost material through their digestive systems to richer compost and soil to richer soil, while they are there.

Earthworm activity can enhance soil nutrient cycling, the activity of other beneficial soil organisms, and soil physical properties, such as soil structure and tilth.

Earthworms crawl through soil consuming organic matter and in the process break it down (decompose it) and produce worm castings (worm manure), which are rich in nutrients, humus and microorganisms. In this process, earthworms also mix and aerate the soil. Together all of these effects help improve numerous soil physical characteristics. Additionally, the earthworm activity helps make nutrients available to plants while moderating the soil pH.

Earthworms are beneficial to the soil for the following reasons:

1. Worm manure droppings have near neutral pH (pH 7).
2. Worm manure droppings are rich in plant accessible nutrients (e.g, high in N, P, K and Mg).
3. Worm manure droppings provide a home for beneficial microorganisms.
4. Worm manure droppings have a high percentage of organic matter. This allows the soil to absorb and hold more water.
5. Worm manure droppings include mucus produced by the earthworms, which contributes to improved soil structure.

The only danger from earthworms, is that they can over-populate a piece of soil and eat the good components in compost away too quickly. Try to maintain a healthy balance by harvesting some of them and sell it to anglers and other organic farmers.

Earthworms

“Suitable worm species:

One of the species most often used for composting is the red wiggler or tiger worm (Eisenia fetida or Eisenia andrei); Lumbricus rubellus (a.k.a. red earthworm or dilong (China)) is another breed of worm that can be used, but it does not adapt as well to the shallow compost bin as does Eisenia fetida. European nightcrawlers (Eisenia hortensis) may also be used. Users refer to European nightcrawlers by a variety of other names, including dendrobaenas, dendras, and Belgian nightcrawlers. African Nightcrawlers (Eudrilus eugeniae) are another set of popular composters. Lumbricus terrestris (a.k.a. Canadian nightcrawlers (US) or common earthworm (UK)) are not recommended, as they burrow deeper than most compost bins can accommodate.

Blue worms (Perionyx excavatus) may be used in the tropics.

These species commonly are found in organic-rich soils throughout Europe and North America and live in rotting vegetation, compost, and manure piles. They may be an invasive species in some areas. As they are shallow-dwelling and feed on decomposing plant matter in the soil, they adapt easily to living on food or plant waste in the confines of a worm bin.

Composting worms are available to order online, from nursery mail-order suppliers or angling shops where they are sold as bait. They can also be collected from compost and manure piles. These species are not the same worms that are found in ordinary soil or on pavement when the soil is flooded by water.”

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermicompost

Get the following publications free when you subscribe:

Organic farming training manual of 105 pages:

Organic farming training manual

Table of contents for”Organic farming training manual”:

List of figures
List of tables
1. Introduction to Organic Agriculture
2. Considerations for Conversion to Organic Agriculture
Analysis of the location
Farm-related challenges to conversion
1. Farms with high external input use
2. Farm with low external input use
3. Mixed farm
4. Degraded land
Climate related challenges to conversion
3. Step by Step Conversion to Organic Agriculture
Step 1: Good information first
Step 2: Getting familiar with organic practices
Step 3: Full conversion to organic farming
4. Mulching in Organic Agriculture
5. Water Management in Organic Agriculture
How to keep the water in the soil?
Harvesting water
1. Increasing infiltration
2. Water storage
Drip irrigation systems
6. Crop Planning and Management in Organic Agriculture
Crop rotation
Intercropping:
Cover crops
Crop –Animal association
Designing cropping systems
7. Nutrient Management in Organic Agriculture
Composting
1. The heating phase:
2. The cooling phase:
3. The maturing phase:
4. Different systems and methods
Green manures
1. Green manures have a number of benefits:
2. Factors to consider before growing green manures:
3. How to use green manures
Animal manure
Microbial fertilizers
Mineral fertilizer
8. Pest and Disease Management in Organic Agriculture
Prevention practices and monitoring
Curative methods
9. Weed Management in Organic Agriculture
Preventive practices
Biological control of weeds
Mechanical control
10. Soil Cultivation and Tillage in Organic Agriculture
Creating good growing conditions for plants
Minimum disturbance
Soil compaction
Types of soil cultivation
11. Plant Propagation in Organic Agriculture
Plant propagation
Criteria for seed evaluation, characterization and multiplication
Importance of traditional varieties
Seed conservation
12. Animal Husbandry in Organic Agriculture
Making a decision on animal husbandry
Animal housing
Animal feeding
Animal health
Breeding goals
Sources

Teaching organic farming and gardening – a handbook for organic farming instructors of 704 pages:

Teaching organic farming and gardening

Organic poultry production for meat and eggs:

Organic poultry production for meat and eggs

Farmer’s Compost Handbook of 112 pages:

Farmers compost handbook



To get the download links, one must confirm the authenticity of one’s email address, by clicking the link in our email to you. If you do not confirm, the links will never reach you in our second email.

The Greenhouse Grower pack of 29 products:

Greenhouse grower pack

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Posted by: | Posted on: December 8, 2017

Medical use of cannabis is on the increase

Cannabis header image

Medical use of cannabis is on the increase.

Medical use of the cannabis weed as raw material for the manufacture of refined medicines is on the increase.

A map of all the world countries where Cannabis weed is legal:

Cannabis legalised countries map

More and more countries are decriminalising the drug, even if they are not going as far as making it legal. The countries where personal possession of weed has been legalised, decriminalised and approved for medical use, are reflected above.

The countries in grey had no data available.

Source: https://www.indy100.com/article/marijuana-weed-cannabis-legal-decriminalise-medical-world-mapped-7693396

Cannabis is the most profitable crop per square metre worldwide.

As with most things, it can be complicated and more nuanced to answer. However, ultimately it boils down to a few key factors: total amount planted, the rate of yield, and the revenue per unit sold. It also depends on whether we are looking at the absolute value, or the most value per acre.

The most planted crops throughout the world are wheat and maize (corn). Rice and soybeans are other key staples. However, these are all relatively low yielding and do not make enough revenue per tonne of product produced.

The highest yielding crops are sugar cane, sugar beet, and tomatoes. Sugar cane accounts for about 80% of the world’s sugar production, while sugar beet the remaining 20%.

Not surprisingly, the most lucrative cash crops from a value per acre perspective are illegal in many parts of the world. With a higher risk to grow these, there is a higher reward for the farmers. Cannabis has a value of $47.7 million per square kilometre, while coca weighs in at $37.7 million and opium poppies $6 million per sq. km.

The most lucrative legal crops include tomatoes ($1.4 million per sq. km) and grapes ($625,000 per sq. km). Interestingly, tobacco comes in the middle of the pack with a value of $277,000 per sq. km. Rapeseed (also known as canola) comes in at $60,000 per sq. km.

From an absolute value perspective, the world’s most valuable cash crop is cannabis as well. It is followed by rice, maize, and then wheat.

Cannabis profitability diagram

Crop world revenue diagram

Cannabis as world highest crop revenue diagram

Source: http://www.visualcapitalist.com/the-worlds-most-valuable-cash-crop/

Cannabis job creation is on the brink of an explosion:

As demand and production of cannabis increases, the demand for qualified persons on many levels will rise simultaneously. Persons who can pass a certification course at the online University, called “The Cannabis Training University”, can greatly reap the benefits in the future in several countries. It can be found online here:

How to Grow Medical Marijuana

South African citizens are squaring themselves up for the expected coming legalisation:

The governing body who will regulate the cannabis industry in South Africa is named “The Cannabis Development Council of South Africa” and can be found online here:

Objectives

As scientific research findings prove medical benefits for treatment of various illnesses, derived from different cannabis refined products, country laws are changing to accommodate the manufacture and use of those refined products.

As medical prescription needs for patients are increasing, so is the demand for the refined medicines and the raw weed products.

It opens up a whole new chain reaction.

Patients need more refined solutions for treatment of their illnesses. Manufacturers must compete to produce the needed refined medicines. Farmers and growers must compete to grow best strains of crops for seed and fibres. In turn, agricultural researchers must find strains for higher yield results in farm production and chemical researchers must develop better medicine for improved patient medical benefits.

This relative new cannabis industry will stimulate job creation for many job titles from labourers on farms to University educators and all in between.

If South Africa stays slow and reluctant to legalise production of cannabis for medical use, interested and frustrated citizens and businesses will move out to neighbouring countries like Lesotho, Namibia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and further away, to help with legislation where necessary and start from there with production. This will mean that the industry will develop faster in neighbouring countries with all the economic benefits that will come from it. Lesotho has already legalised production of cannabis.

Cannabis growing and cannabis farming:

Cannabis growing and cannabis farming can be one of the most lucrative career decisions anyone can ever make!

After all, South Africa has its own natural and indigenous variant version with five leaves, known all around to local inhabitants as the “five fingers Dagga” plant.

What’s more, it is virtually disease free and can be a natural insect repellent for other plants.

It can be a significant profitable career change decision!

Cannabis growing or cannabis farming can either be done on small scale or big scale. It can even be done in a small space like a backyard or inside a shed, tunnel or greenhouse. On a big scale it can be done by extensive farming outside in wide open spaces.

Get this publication below for free when you subscribe to our occasional newsletter:

How to grow medical marijuana legally (86 pages):

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Table of contents:

  1. How to grow medical marijuana
  2. Choosing your strain
  3. Setting up a grow room or tent
  4. Cultivating marijuana indoors
  5. Cultivating marijuana using hydroponics
  6. Cultivating marijuana outdoors
  7. Harvesting and processing your crop
  8. Understanding the legality of growing marijuana for personal use
  9. Determining if you can grow marijuana for sale
  10. How to grow a quality medical marijuana
  11. Creating the proper environment
  12. Growing medical marijuana
  13. Harvesting your medical marijuana
  14. Learning about laws and regulations
  15. How to make a medical marijuana oil
  16. Preparing and equipping your workspace
  17. Extracting THC from the medical cannabis with a solvent
  18. Removing the solvent and storing the cannabis oil


To get the download links, one must confirm the authenticity of one’s email address, by clicking the link in our email to you. If you do not confirm, the links will never reach you in our second email.

If you want to learn more about growing cannabis or marijuana, you can browse through a catalogue of e-book training manuals, all to do and relevant to the title of “How to grow medical cannabis legally”, by clicking the e-cover image below:

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Posted by: | Posted on: October 11, 2017

Change your life into success by changing your mind

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Change your life into success by changing your mind

Yes, you can unleash the “Success Mindset” and create the life you have always dreamed of having, no matter what it is, right now!

Change a fixed mindset to a growth mindset for success.

When did you begin to choose the life you are leading now? When did you decide on the job you have, and against the job you want? When did you decide that the money you make now is all you can make? Did you decide?

1. Change your life into success by changing your mind

This book is about your future and the decisions you are making today, which will create that future.

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Determination and belief are the starting points for success. They open you to new opportunities to do and be anything you desire, and you only need a subconscious thought to plant the seed. How do we do this?

This book is based on real answers to that question.

Change your life into success by changing your mind, will walk you through the steps to real answers and teach you to start asking the right questions. By learning how the mind works, we understand how to break the cycles that keep us on the outside looking in, instead of where we truly wish to be.

The understanding found in this book will open your mind and your eyes to a world which has always been there; you just didn’t know the questions to expose it to you.

How often have we found ourselves looking across the road to discover something lacking in our own lives? By changing our minds we remove the lack in our own lives. We remove the unnamed need that eats away at our day to day lives. By changing our minds we walk away from a life that is constantly needing repairs and begin a life that rewrites our reality.

Whether we know it or not, our energies are focused and those energies are working in our lives, for better or worse. Like electricity, our own energies do not decide they will work in one area, and not another. Electricity doesn’t stop working because the toaster is bad or the stereo is on a negative channel. Electricity flows through the circuit until it is complete. Our energies act in exactly the same way. Change your life into success by changing your mind expands this simple life truth, and shows you how to change your circuit path so the things you want in your life receive the energy, rather than sending it to the things that are strapping you down.

Read Change your life into success by changing your mind today, and start putting focus and energy into your own success.

Table of Contents of “Change your life into success by changing your mind” (88 pages in PDF, with resell rights):

Legal notice
Introduction
Open your mind to the possibilities
Who are you?
Rewrite your reality
Give to succeed
Silence your mind
Believe it now!
Become inspired
Trade-offs
Success from chaos
In summary

2.  Guide to self-identity:

A guide to self-identity ebook ecover

Would like to learn how to feel more confident in your own identity and to feel as though you can stand on your own in society?

If so, you certainly are not alone. Many people feel the same way.

I know I felt the same way until just a few years ago. I felt like I did not really belong anywhere. The misconceptions I had developed over the years were really having a negative impact on my ability to get on with my life. I was ready to change my life, but I just had no idea to go about it.

What I did know; however, was that something did have to change!

What I discovered completely changed my life!

How did I do it?

I would love to share my secrets with you and my new special report on self-identity and society does just that!

Everything you need to know about the self-identity and society is included in this special report:

– Establishing convictions for self-identity
– Ideology and self-identity
– Practices for self-identity
– Relaxation and self-identity
– Reprogramming in self-identity
– Mental talk in self-identity
– Performance in self-identity
– Decisions in self-identity
– Developing self-identity

We leave absolutely nothing out! Everything that I learned in order to understand self-identity and society I share with you.

This is the most comprehensive report on self-identity and society you will ever read!

No stone is left unturned in this comprehensive report!

I show you the tools, tips and strategies you need to understand self-identity and society

You won’t want to miss out on this! Discover your true inner self-identity and progress in bounds and leaps from then on!

Table of contents of “Guide to self-identity” (61 pages in PDF – especially helpful for teenagers and young adults, with free distribution rights):

Foreword
Establishing convictions for self-identity
Ideology of self-identity
Self-identity of the self and society
Practices for self-identity and self
Decisions in self-identity of self – How to relate to self and society
Social self and identity in society
Isolation in self-identity of self in society
Environment in society and self-identity
Effective consciousness in self-identity
Motivation for self-identity
Optimistic views of self-identity
Competency of self-identity in society
Clearly seeing self and identity in society
Feelings for self-identity
Understanding self-identity of self in society
Observational learning for self-identity
Stressed for self-identity
Confidence in self-identity
Components of self-identity
Self-identity and posing challenges
Evils of the self-identity
Bettering self in society for identity
Techniques for self-identity in society
Fruits of the self-identity of self in society
Life and self-identity
Discover self-identity
Striving for self-identity in society
Fronting problems for self-identity in society
True worth in self-identity of self in society
Both sides of self-identity in society
Gaining of self-identity in society
New age in self-identity
Opens doors for self-identity in society
Analyze self in society for self-identity
Society in self-identity of self
Recognition of self-identity
Shape self in society for self-identity
Self-identity of self in society
Self-identity methods
Solutions for self-identity of self in society
Effectiveness in self-identity of self in society
Conclusion

3. Command your life – Secrets to managing your own destiny, with master resell rights (29 pages):

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This book will show you exactly what you need to do to finally be a success with having a better life!”
As a person just like you who has struggled with changing my life, I have searched high and low to find the best strategies to fix this problem and I am fully qualified and equipped to help you put an end to your frustration with trying to wade through all the info you need to know to take charge of your life!
If you know that you had already been in an entirely different situation, chances are you would have chosen to take things in your own hands, working towards goals that are more ambitious. If this is the line of thought that you have right now, then, it is important that you do not allow the situation’s inertia to pull you down. Never try making up excuses and rationalize why you are still not making the most out of your potentials.

And all of this up till now is just the beginning! Are you ready?

This powerful tool will provide you with everything you need to know to be a success and achieve your goal of taking charge to a successful place.

With this product, and it’s great information on taking charge it will walk you, step by step, through the exact process we developed to help people get all the info they need to be a success.

Who Can Use This Book?

– Entrepreneurs
– Internet marketers
– Network marketers
– Life Coaches
– Personal Development Enthusiasts
– Self Improvement Bloggers
– Web Publishers
– Writers and Content Creators

In this book, you will learn: Taking charge of basics, determining your motivators, arrange your goals, get moving toward your goals and how to use time management.

This set of e-books can be very helpful to people, who may have some doubts about certain aspects of the life or personality traits, who feel rejected, who may have feelings of being a failure, who may have some or other inferiority complex or who may suffer from depression. It can also be helpful to someone who desperately wants to help someone else in their life.

Paid-up members get all these products on this page included as member benefits, when they buy membership here.

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Posted by: | Posted on: October 9, 2017

Distance education by online home learning

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Distance education by online home learning

1. Distance education programs:

Distance education can be defined as an education program imparted by an educational institution, beyond the barriers of its campus and taken by a student outside the walls of an educational institution. Distance education is a medium that connects students to the educational institutions of the world.

Distance education programs are becoming the most popular and viable way of teaching and education. More and more people are registering for distance education programs of different educational institutions. Distance education programs give freedom to a student to learn at his own pace, his own schedule and at his own convenience.

Distance education is imparted through the electronic media and study materials supplied by the educational institution for a particular course. It helps people to upgrade their educational qualification, even when they are tied up in their working schedule. Some businesses also use distance education to train their employees, as it is less time consuming, less expensive and adds to the human resources enrichment of the business.

To enrol for a distance education course, one must be sure as to what kind of specialization one is looking for. An extensive study must then be done to find out in details about the educational institutions that offer the course wanted. The time duration of the course, the fees, software needed and the time of exam must also be checked. The most important factor that should be checked is whether the school or educational institution is accredited or not. One should not register at an educational institution, which is not accredited.

Every coin has two sides and distance education programs are no exception to the rule. While a distance education program is advantageous, as it helps people to continue with their education. Despite of the demanding schedule it also has some disadvantages. It may fail to motivate a student to study, resulting in no good for the candidate. This shows registering yourself is not sufficient, you must also have the drive in yourself to continue with the study. The success of distance education also depends on the success of the technology. Without a good support system and infrastructure the distance education may be a failure.

Thus we can say that distance education is a boon for today’s busy and demanding world, but it also demands a significant level of maturity from its students.

2. The benefits of online home learning:

While there are all kinds of benefits that are associated with learning and furthering your educational goals there are even more benefits to those who wish to pursue online home learning in order to achieve those goals. I hope you will find that many of these benefits are quite enlightening and carefully consider whether or not online home learning for your secondary education needs will be in your best interests.

2.1 Convenience.

This is a word we are quite familiar with. Right along with instant gratification. We are a society of people who have lived with drive-thru banking and fast food and are rapidly moving in the direction of drive-thru pharmacies and dry cleaning. We live in a fast paced world and when we can work education into our busy schedules and on our own terms, we find that this is something we tend to like a lot. There is a growing number of online classes and students, as more and more professionals decide to further their degrees and their careers with this method of education, which is more convenient for many.

2.2 Flexibility.

You can take these classes or do the work during your lunch break, while the kids are practicing soccer, or while cooking dinner (depending of course on how well you multi-task). You do not need to be in the classroom every night at 6:00 pm for the next five years in order to get the same degree of education. This by no means indicates that you will not have to do the work. The work will not change nor will the fact that you have a limited time in which to complete the work. What will change is that you will have the option of doing the work in the morning, afternoon, or after those 2 a.m. feedings when you can’t seem to get back to sleep.

2.3 Location.

There isn’t enough that can really be said about this. Online education comes to you wherever you happen to be able to connect to the Internet. Whether you are at home, at work, or your favourite Internet café you can have the convenience of taking your work with you and enjoying the environment in which you are completing your work.

2.4 Less Expensive.

No more convenience meals, childcare expenses, or gas guzzling trips to a college campus that thirty minutes away. You can now enjoy in your own home the benefits of an education without many of the financial hardships that are often associated with attending college. Internet access seems like such a small price to pay when compared with all the reasons mentioned above.

2.5 Improve online abilities.

Believe it or not, online courses help you brush up your online abilities. Seriously. You will be better at dealing with email, bulletin boards, online research, and you will learn countless other skills along the way that you probably never realized had anything to do with the courses you are actually taking-because they don’t. In other words, you are getting more of an education than you bargained for when it comes to online home learning.

2.6 Individual attention.

Online students often have more one-on-one interaction with their professors than students in a classroom. The online classroom is virtual and correspondence through email is essential in this particular learning environment. For this reason it is quite possible that your professors will know more about you and your learning patterns and needs than they will know about most of the students they see two or three times a week in their classrooms.

2.7 Self-improvement and self-development.

Any type of online home learning or home learning by any other means, is equivalent to self-improvement and self-development. Quote: “Formal education will make one a living. Self-education will make one a fortune.” – Jim Rohn

2.8 Self-improvement in team leadership skills. 

Development of team leadership skills is one of the the most neglected development areas in most organisations worldwide.

When there is an economic growth period or an organisation expansion period, it becomes easier to fulfil the needs of the new generation (referred to as millennials) for development and promotion.

However, it is not so easy for organisations or employers to fulfil the needs of the new generation, especially if economic conditions or organisation financial conditions are in a state of stagnation, slow growth or a downward spiral.

If a person of the new generation has ambitions to be vertically promoted inside an existing organisation, the only way to achieve those ambitions is through improvement of qualifications.

If a person is already highly qualified in a vocational technical direction, the only other options may be self-improvement in management principles or team leadership principles and skills, either through internal training opportunities or external training courses.

For development and promotion to happen for a person, there are the extra conditions of available opportunities (job openings) and recognition (proven competencies to the employer), which must also be present.

If the opportunity, together with the necessary recognition from an existing employer, takes too long, the only remaining alternatives are to fulfil those ambitions through one of the following:

2.8.1 horizontal promotion into other external organisations;

2.8.2 a change in career paths; or

2.8.3 starting a business as owner or shareholder.

However, self-improvement in team leadership skills will dramatically increase the chances of vertical (existing employer) and horizontal (external employers) job promotion, as well as business owner success, in any economic cycle, as competitors with these skills are relatively few.

Summary:

While these are just a few of the benefits of online home learning, you should carefully weigh up the benefits against the things that may be problematic about this particular type of learning situation, before you take the plunge.

Learning is a lifelong process but if you are seeking a degree you do not want to jeopardize that by taking a course that will not address your specific learning needs. If you feel confident that you can be successful in this particular type of learning environment, then I feel you will truly enjoy the experience and the flexibility it brings to the educational process.

We can show you the water, but only you can drink it, if you have enough guts. Everyone must steer his/her own boat to selected destinies of own choice. Some start too late, some never even start.

Nautical steering wheel

The 8 study techniques training manuals will help any secondary school pupil from grade 10, college/university student and post-graduate student to get better grades. It will make exam anxiety vanish for both parents and students and improve future career possibilities for students.

Click the image below to get it!

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Leadership development worldwide

Posted by: | Posted on: October 9, 2017

The difference between a fixed mindset and a growth mindset

The difference between a “fixed mindset” and a “growth mindset”

“Mindset”

Dweck has primary research interests in motivation, personality, and development. She teaches courses in Personality and Social Development as well as Motivation. Her key contribution to social psychology relates to implicit theories of intelligence, per her 2008 book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success.

According to Dweck, individuals can be placed on a continuum according to their implicit views of where ability comes from. Some believe their success is based on innate ability; these are said to have a “fixed” theory of intelligence (fixed mindset). Others, who believe their success is based on hard work, learning, training and doggedness are said to have a “growth” or an “incremental” theory of intelligence (growth mindset). Individuals may not necessarily be aware of their own mindset, but their mindset can still be discerned based on their behavior. It is especially evident in their reaction to failure.

Fixed-mindset individuals dread failure because it is a negative statement on their basic abilities, while growth mindset individuals don’t mind or fear failure as much because they realize their performance can be improved and learning comes from failure. These two mindsets play an important role in all aspects of a person’s life. Dweck argues that the growth mindset will allow a person to live a less stressful and more successful life.

Dweck’s definition of fixed and growth mindsets from a 2012 interview: “In a fixed mindset students believe their basic abilities, their intelligence, their talents, are just fixed traits. They have a certain amount and that’s that, and then their goal becomes to look smart all the time and never look dumb. In a growth mindset students understand that their talents and abilities can be developed through effort, good teaching and persistence. They don’t necessarily think everyone’s the same or anyone can be Einstein, but they believe everyone can get smarter if they work at it.”

This is important because individuals with a “growth” theory are more likely to continue working hard despite setbacks and individuals’ theories of intelligence can be affected by subtle environmental cues. For example, children given praise such as “good job, you’re very smart” are much more likely to develop a fixed mindset, whereas if given compliments like “good job, you worked very hard” they are likely to develop a growth mindset. In other words, it is possible to encourage students, for example, to persist despite failure by encouraging them to think about learning in a certain way.

External links:

Stanford University faculty profile page
Carol Dweck’s TED Talk on the Growth Mindset, TEDxNorrkoping, Nov. 2014
Mindset Works: Brainology
“Mindsets – A Conversation with Carol Dweck”, Ideas Roadshow, 2014

Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carol_Dweck

Our own deductions from this theory:

1. Arrogance is the enemy (killer) of growth in knowledge and competencies

2. Warding off evaluation of shortcomings in personality traits and competencies is the enemy (killer) of growth in knowledge and competencies

3. Refusal of introspection is the enemy (killer) of growth in knowledge and competencies

4. Refusal of self-awareness is the enemy (killer) of growth in knowledge and competencies

5. Conclusion: If a person’s own perception of self-image is out of proportion higher than reality, it can lead to tendencies of acting out an authoritarian leadership style and certainly be a killer of growth in knowledge and leadership competencies.

Our definition of a fixed mindset: The inability to adapt or change opinions and beliefs, based on historical false building blocks.

Leadership development worldwide